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      您現在的位置:普通話學習網 > 學習資料欄目 > 問題解答 > 正文

      怎樣才算普及了普通話?

      來源:普通話學習網

      人們問道:“怎樣才算普及了普通話呢?”著名語言學家周有光先生在《漢語的國際地位》一文中,提出了共同語普及的一般標準———學校完全用共同語作為教學語言,公共場所完全用共同語作為交際語言。我們認為,這個標準是正確的。

      目前,我們國家還處在工業化的初級階段,交通和通訊還不夠發達,嚴格意義上的語言規范化工作也還只是剛剛起步,方言分歧還嚴重地阻礙社會進步,普及普通話的任務遠遠沒有完成。

      為了大力推廣普通話,促進漢語規范化,從而有利于普及文化教育、發展科學技術、提高工作效率,國務院1992年63號文件《國務院批轉國家語委關于當前語言文字工作請示的通知》中明確提出了普及普通話的兩項近期目標:“到本世紀末,普通話要成為城市幼兒園和鄉中心小學以上以漢語授課為主的各級各類學校的教學用語,成為師范學校、初等和中等學校的校園語言”;“到本世紀末,縣級以上機關、團體、企事業單位的干部,解放軍指戰員,公安干警,武警指戰員,檢察院、法院的工作人員等應當把普通話作為工作用語;為生產和生活服務的‘窗口’行業的職工要把普通話作為服務用語”。

      這份文件還明確提出:“廣播、電視、電影、話劇以及音像制品等在語言使用上具有很強的示范作用,必須使用標準的普通話”;“一些使用方言的電臺、電視臺,要隨著普通話的推廣和普及有計劃地逐步減少方言播音的時間和節目”。

      普通話成為“校園語言”、“工作語言”、“宣傳語言”、“交際語言”等之后,便是基本普及了普通話。各級黨政機關、各級各類學校、解放軍和武警部隊、社會“窗口”行業和全國人民,都應當為此而努力。

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