<address id="t9llt"></address>
    <address id="t9llt"><nobr id="t9llt"><meter id="t9llt"></meter></nobr></address>
    <listing id="t9llt"><nobr id="t9llt"><menuitem id="t9llt"></menuitem></nobr></listing>
    <noframes id="t9llt">
      <address id="t9llt"><address id="t9llt"><listing id="t9llt"></listing></address></address><form id="t9llt"></form>
      <noframes id="t9llt"><address id="t9llt"></address>

      <sub id="t9llt"><address id="t9llt"><menuitem id="t9llt"></menuitem></address></sub>
      <noframes id="t9llt"><address id="t9llt"></address>

      您現在的位置:普通話學習網 > 學習資料欄目 > 問題解答 > 正文

      普通話異讀詞審音是怎么回事?

      來源:普通話學習網

      普通話詞匯中,有一部分詞( 或詞中的語素 )在習慣上有兩個或幾個不同的讀法,如“誰”讀shuí又讀shéi,“波浪”讀 bōlàng 又 pō-làng ,這些被稱為“異讀詞”。

      為促進現代漢語規范化和推廣普通話工作,1956年1月,中國科學院語言研究所根據全國現代漢語規范問題學術會議的建議,組織成立了普通話審音委員會,開始對普通話異讀詞的讀音進行審定。此后,陸續發表了《普通話異讀詞審音表初稿》的正編、續編、三編。1963年,將三次審定的1800余條異讀詞和190余條地名匯集成《普通話異讀詞三次審音總表初稿》發表。

      《初稿》審音以詞為對象,不以字為對象。對于某字在不同詞里的不同讀音,《初稿》不予審定,作為多音字處理。如“率”在“效率”和“率領”中的不同讀法。同時,《初稿》審音兼顧了北京語音的一般發展規律以及讀音在北方方言里的使用程度。

      《初稿》公布以后,受到社會各界的廣泛關注。不少語文工具書以此作為注音的依據,對普通話異讀詞的規范工作起了很好的推動作用。

      隨著語言的發展,《初稿》中原審定的一些詞語的讀音需要重新審定;同時,作為語音規范化的標準,《初稿》也亟需定稿。因此,原中國文字改革委員會于1982年月重建了普通話審音委員會,對《初稿》進行修訂工作。

      這次修訂,以符合普通話語音發展規律為原則,以便利廣大群眾學習普通話為著眼點,采取約定俗成、承認現實的態度。對《初稿》原定讀音的改動,力求慎重,以保持相對穩定。主要采取下面一些做法:

      1.歸并多音。包括兩種具體辦法:一是全部合并,統讀一音,即該字不論用于任何詞語中只讀一音(輕聲變讀不受此限)。如“呆”,取消ái音,統讀dāi音;“鑿”,取消zuò音,統讀záo音。二是采取部分歸并讀音的做法,即擴大其常用讀音的使用范圍,縮小其偶用讀音的使用范圍,甚至取消該讀音。如“骨”,保留gū、gǔ的音,取消gú音gù

      2.從眾改音。即不改變其在北京音系中的聲韻系統,修訂后的讀音同語音現狀更接近,更便于學習掌握。如“啥”,取消shà,改讀shá;“績”,取消jī,改讀jì。

      3.保留文白兩種讀音,以解決讀書音同口語音的矛盾。文讀一般用于書面語言中的復音詞和文言成語,白讀多用于口語中單音詞及少數表示日常生活事物的復音詞中。如“剝”(bō,báo)、“血”(xuè,xiě),括號中前者為文讀,后者為白讀。

      修訂稿還采取了其它一些做法。同時分別不同情況,刪除《初稿》中的部分詞條。對人、地名讀音,只審訂了《初稿》語詞部分涉及的個別詞條,其它未予審訂。

      1985年12月27日,修訂稿經國家語言文字工作委員會、國家教育委員會、廣播電視部審核后,以《普通話異讀詞審音表》的名稱予以公布,并聯合發出通知,要求全國文教、出版、廣播及其他部門、行業所涉及的普通話異讀詞的讀音、標音,均以這個新的《審音表》為準。

      黑马彩票 www.87680o.com | www.86611z.com | www.986076.com | www.659776.com | 33xx8331.com | www.79095v.com | 1312929.com | www.yh77701.com | www.683909.com | 02489.net | www.sss998.com | www.937016.com | 38850088.com | www.0601a.com | 4995q.com | www.4393.com | www.024028.com | www.hg635.com | www.7239f.com | 1294i.cc | www.009329.com | 4195e.com | www.6767msc.com | www.073wy.com | 98955j.com | www.youxi1314.com | 1305777.com | www.16639.com | www.12455x.com | 4022cc.com | www.9570112.com | 7811c.com | www.82627.com | www.483864.com | www.237015.com | www.55676l.com | 9464550.com | www.0099lll.com | www.333hy.cc | 3202b.com | www.i98478.com | 2546e.com | www.986076.com | 50000021.com | www.026555.com | www.283550.com | www.86611z.com | www.50026z.com | 50028855.com | www.495.com | 2820z.com | www.bwinyz47.com | 87680l.com | www.8967c.com | dfmcsoft.com | www.kuaibet.com | e62365.com | www.25288x.com | www.768996.com | www.pj5906.com | www.gyfc1.com | 3202e.com | www.820808.com | 28288w.com | www.6939u.com | 3807ll.com | www.598282c.com | 33ww8331.com | www.79955.com | 32126j.net | www.719880.com | 3333338722.com | www.2418b.com | 85698z.com | www.33112r.com | 8290l.com | www.3136aa.com | 18438a.com | www.cp718.net | www.4763222.com | www.810897.com | www.hg94444.com | www.320493.com | www.25288x.com | www.179237.com | www.c22976.com | 38989r.com | www.3277msc.com | 4066d.com | www.pj88o.com | app22299.com | www.73365r.cc | hga020.com | www.5441h.com | 1654yy.com | www.717671.com | www.xpj88004.com | 0139365.com | www.3696699.com | 28824v.com | www.wns123e.com | 99589q.net | www.99788q.com | 97618y.com | www.672566.com | www.hgbet7.com | 29918hh.com | www.28000f.com | wns157.com | www.00840e.com | 922shun.com | www.544097.com | www.900688.com | 1007811.com | www.4996yn.com | 3404i.cc | www.c5836.com | www.3459s.com | 6868137.com | www.557244.com | 5360a.com | www.0601u.com | 97297b.com | www.352477.com | www.2244-0880.com | 88535s.com | www.78949x.com | www.7435f.com | 11170011.com | www.35700dd.com | 7933.com | www.666055.cc | www.299755k.com | 1479x.com | www.68993235.com | www.63877r.com | 3189ee.com | www.588870.com | 44jj8332.com | www.278202.com | www.hr888.com | m1915m.com | www.h679.com | www.808777.com | 3644h.com | www.33112j.com | www.66sbet.net | YHvip.vip | www.8582ww.com | www.kb840.com | 16888d.com | www.887767.com | 3122p.com | www.71399e.com | www.4828448.com | 3002535.com | www.217302.com | www.4058b.com | 89777f.com | 0885r.com | www.blr5544.com | www.188589.com | 914903.com | www.75650.net | www.tbkmi8889.com | 4323m.com | www.60123r.com | www.xpj1570.com | 73567tg9.com | www.810277.com | www.58665f.com | x33i.vip | 0909.net | www.hg6767c.com | www.30370000.com | 32126d.net | www.178326.com | www.n3410.com | www.36536570.com | 70118g.com | www.916570.com | www.971055.com | v997.com | 73999a.com | www.66136.com | www.xpj1535.com | www67890.com | www.33997v.com | www.vnsr378.com | www.bet365601.com | 5099xx.com | www.669772.com | www.06820z.com | www.vns8893.com | 365vip00.win | www.570821.com | www.2021x.com | www.hg0088.co | 68bet.com | www.599464.com | www.w1432.com | www.x32126.cc | 61324499.com | www.234297.com | www.091628.com | www.hy086.com | 7742yy.com | 89wns88.com | www.21202t.com | www.dckpv.com | 5429g.com | 032656.com | www.506932.com | www.qiji666.com | www.120550.com | 365w.vip | 78666f.com | www.847568.com | www.087k.com | www.697799a.com | 4052u.com | 3522i.vip | www.063353.com | www.3978g.com | www.239.com | www.xh118.com | 4912c.com | hd5009.com | www.68689x.com | www.599641.com | www.88867.com | www.3171112.com | www.3331js.com | www.jing7778.com | www.335503.com | www.51456.com | www.28481166.com | www.6y7y.net | ambjla.com | 4025z.com | 76543c.com | www.c138.vip | www.7004k.com | www.668cp99.com | www.7025z.com | 000000oe.cn | 5651x.com | 2381jj.com | www.cp8007.cc | www.6613622.com | www.71071j.com | www.1hg88.us | www.8804js.com | 4955h.com | 706804.net | www.81233e.com | www.34972.com | www.564288.com | www.55526e.com | www.www-16387.com | 2267o.com | uuu4165.com | 2934f.com | www.161570.com | www.wct3.com | www.80075c.com | www.63606n.com | www.700555.com | www.f333js.com | www.1869z.com | tz458.com | 223739.com | 14119455.com | 2287gg.com | www.83993v.com | www.605366.com | www.396.cc | www.3950.com | www.42456633.com | www.1429g3.com | www.dzcp4444.com | www.9999xx.com | www.k0678.com | www.xhtd2233.com | 78110066.com | 2643l.com | 3552g.com | 4426.com | wz102.com | 2682.com | 7335y.com | js14c.com | 4195qq.com | www.330871.com | www.776860.com | www.4388.cc | www.61233n.com | www.6678579.com | www.32031j.com | www.7225j.com | www.88166t.com | www.5377msc.com | www.492020.com | www.01899.com | www.32666r.com | www.lfg555.com | www.s1043.com | 10611b.com | aa33334.com | mgm3242j.com | 76543m.com | ylg11111.com | 3122tt.com | 2649yy.com | 2544b9.com | 365399.bet | 3121y.com | 923830.com | www.8520i.com | lswjs4399.com | www.81866m.com | www.88864400.com | www.223456g.com | www.7830h.com | www.r22365.com | www.333133n.com | www.55268j.vip | www.9679h.com | www.xb0028.com | www.hg8779.com | www.hj003.com | www.rycp049.com | www.jz787.com | www.006785.com | www.792071.com | www.js57666.com | www.81608v.com | www.26299i.com | www.3890k.com | www.hjin6.com | www.570831.com | www.80075v.com | 3189ee.com | 61828.info | 82509.com | 53262ss.com | raybet39.com | chachong8.com | www.9976799.com | www.cjcp456.com | www.0820.com | www.673888f.com | www.32031w.com | www.9646r.com | www.6364k.com | www.988068.com | www.312299.com | 4503.com | 3066bbb.com | ambc8899.net | 773602.com | www.pj7991.com | www.032006.com | www.7366009.com | www.5856867.com | www.6364y.com | www.398118.com | 775081.com | 253509.com | so88888.cc | 55818e.com | www.o27229.com | www.8923dc.com | www.qx.cc | www.08588v.com | www.hy5508.com | www.98528i.com | 7681.com | 21052277.com | www.056987.com | www.kk685.com | www.v88139.com | www.ykylc01.com | www.c71.cc | 55ww8331.com | 2257013.com | feicai023.com | www.zsdl9.com | www.610160.COM | www.35898d.com | www.839658.com | 33567u.com | 444000c.com | 18775c.com | www.hk278.com | www.ba508.com | www.072wy.com | 771906.com | 9694b.com | P35pp.com | www.1010160.com | www.074546.com | www.890c.com | sjznews.com | 11018o.com | www.vns3n3.com | www.a11166.com | www.66653h.com | www.65707e.com | 998n.cc | ms38648kk.cc | www.55526i.com | www.4323j.com | www.81678o.com | 99698q.com | a1064.com | www.rb208.com | www.27666000.com | www.001857.com | 30524.com | www.3k777.com | www.caipiao33c.com | www.78949d.com | 11tt8331.com | j2146.com | www.33318x.com | www.758567a.com | www.808751.com | 2008qq.com | 054007.com | www.940999.com | www.92092.cc | ambjlc.com | 7989u.com | www.js00033.com | www.08588a.com | xyccwlkj.com | 7742o.com | www.77099.com | www.bet365193.com | 8381w.com | 7434.com | www.2302310.com | www.52303y.com | lbzyfz.com | yy3189.com | www.56655s.com | www.6364k.com | haoshou188.com | kk76669.com | www.24199.com | www.911096.com | 4828.com | www.09323.cc | www.81233b.com | 11qq8332.com | 91019l.net | www.788495.com | www.435050.com | 4370.com | www.rb208.com | www.66qxc.com | 8722dddd.com | www.v15543.com | www.9646j.com | 16690077.com | www.9599440.com | www.xj7003.com | www.66376v.com | 91019g.com | www.808888s.com | www.912451.com | 773838.com | www.xh0077.com | www.50026l.com | hh38648.cc | www.c30226.com | www.168749.com | 767365.com | www.yh4477.cc | www.ykylc06.com | 31325z.com | www.bet81365.com | www.0601o.com | 563930.com | www.4938l.com | www.96386b.com | 4323v.com | www.06797x.com | www.66653d.com | pj968810.com | www.ao2016.com | www.c5235.com | 3679gg.com | www.998855n.com | www.501203.com | 56728h.com | www.656133.com | 87665r.com | www.63877p.com | www.4323s.com | ddj169.com | www.581555.com | www.739915.com | 87965uu.com | www.06820y.com | hv712.com | www.9068pp.com | www.26878w.com | 99345.com | www.2018fh.com | www.43131y.com | www.ylg258.com | www.7239p.com | 749101.com | www.r4042.com | www.057452.com | www.yxlm99.com | www.97655m.com | hwcp2222.com | www.365011.bet | f61653.com | www.7025e.com | www.02czj.com | 00773cc.com | www.6687w.com | 4694q.com | www.81321a.com | www.218291.com | t365e.com | www.89894m.com | 4165.com | www.69567w.com | hg00566com | www.bai5533.com | HB97399.com | www.39695z.com | www.500599a.com | 0747t.com | www.yh68073.com | 36796.com | www.79095t.com | i4212.com | www.20110.com | 7779z.cc | www.hg7695.com | 7196m.com | www.hg130.com | www.560723.com | www.8494j.com | www.c6121.com | feicai0712.com | www.36788d.com | 4809l.com | www.hg28866.com | 36400022.com | www.42456633.com | 3467w.am | www.6667758.com | 3950k.com | www.75600y.com | 4955p.com | www.418587.com | 0207893.com | www.5446q.com | 80567v.com | www.30350o.com | 8am.cip | www.802sun.com | 3640ss.com | www.zzyl67.com | mmm4255.com | www.8884hj.com | 3522nn.com | www.448789.com | 59889r.com | www.5886qq.com | 3379c.com | www.67885.com | www.7036f.com | www.51331d.com | www.hg3115.com | 496ll.com | c388.com | www.pj56f.com | www.805kj.com | 915908761.com | fff5682.com | www.771495.com | www.9939365.com | hg3699.com | h2306.com | www.b387387.com | www.990888a.com | a2554.com | 8294d.com | www.5522g.cc | www.cp67773.com | 500000349.com | 97886699.com | www.909644.com | www.45598t.com | www.yh2198.com | 4488c.com | www.040416.com | www.ykylc05.com | www.8146111.com | 001dyj.com | 55zz8332.com | www.847577.com | www.733487.com | www.a7892904.com | pj200.cc | 58222aa.com | www.ck8199.com | www.005469.com | www.pj85993.com | t1915t.com | 500000379.com | www.5854s.cc | www.7893w32.com | www.4938w.com | b99vip.com | 1679dd.com | www.ck9191.com | www.w2894.com | www.22js66.com | 55331oo.com | 61326644.com | www.389544.com | www.9g9g9g.com | www.998855z.com | www.66098.com | 4136f.com | 11wb8.com | www.5095p.com | www.377666m.com | www.js888200.com | by309.com | lehu558.com | www.106096.com | www.73166b.com | www.66hg6.com | www.56520v.com | 73055e.com | 4018vv.com | www.101377.com | www.86889.cc | www.3032mm.com | www.hg474.com | 4123hh.com | 3416t.com | u14666.com | www.502990.com | www.78700n.com | www.u80288.com | www.hg2516.com | www.9599566.net | x86226.com | 8faaa.com | www.332750.com | www.15355h.com | www.wns123e.com | www.p86.com | www.36536570.com | 2021vvv.com | 138cpwz.com | 7935a.com | www.658997.com | www.78949s.com | www.w2894.com | www.5966bbb.com | www.88807g.com | 8577q.cc | 3559vv.com | 6002a.com | www.106367.com | www.087wy.com | www.6889782.com | www.b30666.com | www.8882244.com | www.alpk77.com | n2554.com | 4488aaa.com | 386kzk.com | vv3396.com | www.588980.com | www.6364x.com | www.730555h.com | www.888688.cc | www.998855e.com | www.4167b.com | www.682855.com | 9149.com | 51133vvv.com | 1168c.com | 66671v.com | vv968.com | www.383566.com | www.fcff5.com | www.15355a.com | www.ba307.com | www.8967z.com | www.hg8319.com | www.44220151.com | www.44xpjdc.com | 20188u.com | js802hd.com | u15666.com | 64111b.com | 6601wz.com | 4639966.com | www.92967a.com | www.552703.com | www.535666a.com | www.5441z.com | www.69096.com | www.42070013.com | www.3066ww.com | www.hh55826.com | www.2tyc.com | www.k3322.com | www.107898.com | www.xpj5t5.com | www.wns911.com | www.vn696.com | qbzb2b.net | 5001f.com | w00351.com | tyc1513.com | 8866vn77.com | 690008.com | 3344vn77.com | 1654jj.com | 2613o.com | 44488v.com | 8988q.com | 3522e.vip | 2146b.com | 089776.com | js75bb.com | 08159n.com | 20160044.com | 1h-5.cc | 4340f.com | 29918.com | pjhebei.com | 73055b.com | 3775.com | v62365.com | 0011bc.com | 3685m.com | jindaye88.com | 3678i.com | 55uu8332.com | 9149n.com | 9679w.com | hg37370.com | www.3435999.com | www.xpj0880.com | www.1019993.com | www.7830y.com | www.33189.com | www.hg8053.com | www.hg8145.com | www.7335zz.com | www.58665j.com | www.5446ll.com | www.10999u.com | www.7225c.com | www.094546.com | www.9187u.com | www.68993255.com | www.99638c.com | www.22303.cc | www.c4525.com | www.641377.com | www.324277.com | www.26878i.com | 06385050.com | 9081.com | 3844mm.com | 3482d.com | p2490.com | 500000520.com | www.a8a8789.com | www.10899f.com | www.44446609.com | www.xpj1808.com | www.55526f.com | www.bet63h.com | www.wns33.me | www.725602.com | www.3478p.cc | www.744949.com | www.196051.com | 444000ddd.com | 3016uuu.com | 8438000.com | 1483zz.com | 2649ww.com | www.yddc09.com | www.pj8288.com | www.3122v.com | www.1851135.com | www.999999qipai.com | www.66332y.com | www.zch2.com | www.371411.com | 0747zz.com | 00228.com | 167605.com | 2355v.com | www.7xh.co | www.080678.com | www.7415yy.com | www.7737aa.com | www.41518m.com | www.909935.com | www.35918a.com | v2649.com | 4107u.com | 11955.com | www.9996aa.com | www.js888800.com | www.91779s.com | www.8d818.com | www.715920.com | 3222n.cc | 0860h.com | 5804h.com | www.6403nn.com | www.170676.com | www.b3846.com | www.26878b.com | www.379477.com | afcp.com | 566777h.com | 495663.com | www.629595.com | www.4694y.com | www.pj99z.com | www.902271.com | 7605y.com | 09997.com | 3844rr.com | www.29886h.com | www.g456x.com | www.99094u.com | www.hm6622.com | vip31446.com | 66112007.com | 7935t.com | www.15515533.com | www.x32939.com | www.9646h.com | www.511039.com | 2698i.com | 52599s.com | www.7380e.com | www.5504n.com | www.hg8268.com | www.711895.com | 4997g.com | bet3658806.com | www.76060h.com | www.751cp1.com | www.6613699.com | www.444201.com | 61327744.com | 3189m.com | www.44488u.com | www.46630.info | www.4444y.cc | 1468ddd.com | 3404r.cc | www.28758d.com | www.ly09.com | www.77801l.com | www.60123v.com | 30173388.com | www.da888yl.com | www.mk927.com | www.2228229.com | www.504077.com | 89892yy.com | 3405u.com | www.82142.com | www.ykylc06.com | www.215602.com | 58222n.com | www.912399.com | www.hccp998.com | www.60007t.com | 3424.com | qq3405.com | www.7025t.com | www.115527v.com | www.ch8922.com | 657.one | b667766.com | www.666629.com | www.0003sc.com | www.99677u.com | yumingty5.com | www.87680t.com | www.570029.com | www.810726.com | 3822n.com | www.68666l.com | www.80.tt | www.3416x.com | 8901e.com | 3505.com | www.706222.com | www.77803w.com | 2506h.com | 35xx.vip | www.70039n.com | www.81233x.com | 668cp55.com | 01311.com | www.5994.com | www.71399c.com | 3122vip7.com | ww3189.com | www.hjcp222.com | www.91091.cc | 320006.com | 77885003.com | www.88.net | www.890402.com | renxinbo.cc | www.yh8214.com | www.47506j.com | www.501274.com | 6487ppp.com | www.999133.com | www.a773776.com | bet36333.com | 2709u.com | www.50999z.com | www.987434.com | 325.com | www.330099v.com | www.1358002.com | c1429.com | 62620029.com | www.7225b.com | www.332709.com | 53059.com | www.bz7888.com | www.32123p.com | i5429.com | www.22753.com | www.15365.com | 73055i.com | www.4763111.com | www.vinisi08.com | 61325533.com | k35151.com | www.4996nx.com | www.226075.com | pjxianggang.com | www.2y934.com | www.44fzc.com | ww080.us | www.pj1314.com | www.68689g.com | 1365.com | www.66sbet.net | www.89894p.com | 7703tt.com | www.544442.com | www.93777.com | k9539.com | www.00829l.com | www.33mgm777.com | tiexin88.com | www.pjfujian.com | www.4520077.com | 2004871.com | www.xhtd0099.com | www.16065z.com | 01885z.com | www.4972ee.com | www.77016.cc | 11665003.com | www.hg88mm.com | www.9818u.cc | 1443b.com | www.hg7695.com | www.803372.com | bet3652.com | www.hyi9.com | 884192.com | www.kfa6.com | www.w98478.com | 4023b.com | www.sun5507.com | www.5854w.cc | pj00pp.com | www.55526u.com | www.400662.com | b2306.com | www.86339o.com | 1036bb.com | www.135520d.com | www.083wy.com | 4018t.com | www.baifu35.com | www.112819.com | kk76669.com | www.065815.com | 4123zz.com | www.kelake77.com | www.4388.cc | 365102d.com | www.4521.com | js1.com | www.589msc.com | www.622709.com | 131t.net | www.9646b.com | 02.bet | www.8473s.com | 67877u.com | www.slr000.com | www.620557.com | 748575.com | www.99677c.com | 4488m.com | www.06820w.com | 2677kkk.com | www.174886.com | www.177474.com | www.y5578.com | www.9356m.com | k77304.com | www.8550999.com | pjguangdong.com | www.20199dd.com | 55818t.com | www.272424.com | www.452803.com | www.pj8858.com | www.3126w.com | js89k.vip | www.89777g.com | 0099220.com | www.88553.com | 599729.com | www.fh990.com | 0638.cn | www.28249.com | hd49499.com | www.hg2098.com | www.301345.com | www.hg33711.com | www.910977.com | qpby99.com | www.3552q.com | 04343.com | www.60123y.com | hwcp.com | www.js1045.com | 294650.com | www.f98478.com | 2324xxx.com | www.58vs88.com | bdg1144.com | www.99552ww.com | 66136a.com | www.91779r.com | k61653.com | www.45598q.com | 2490o.com | www.e32031.com | 66886.com | www.33303.com |