<address id="t9llt"></address>
    <address id="t9llt"><nobr id="t9llt"><meter id="t9llt"></meter></nobr></address>
    <listing id="t9llt"><nobr id="t9llt"><menuitem id="t9llt"></menuitem></nobr></listing>
    <noframes id="t9llt">
      <address id="t9llt"><address id="t9llt"><listing id="t9llt"></listing></address></address><form id="t9llt"></form>
      <noframes id="t9llt"><address id="t9llt"></address>

      <sub id="t9llt"><address id="t9llt"><menuitem id="t9llt"></menuitem></address></sub>
      <noframes id="t9llt"><address id="t9llt"></address>

      您現在的位置:普通話學習網 > 學習資料欄目 > 問題解答 > 正文

      普通話異讀詞審音是怎么回事?

      來源:普通話學習網

      普通話詞匯中,有一部分詞( 或詞中的語素 )在習慣上有兩個或幾個不同的讀法,如“誰”讀shuí又讀shéi,“波浪”讀 bōlàng 又 pō-làng ,這些被稱為“異讀詞”。

      為促進現代漢語規范化和推廣普通話工作,1956年1月,中國科學院語言研究所根據全國現代漢語規范問題學術會議的建議,組織成立了普通話審音委員會,開始對普通話異讀詞的讀音進行審定。此后,陸續發表了《普通話異讀詞審音表初稿》的正編、續編、三編。1963年,將三次審定的1800余條異讀詞和190余條地名匯集成《普通話異讀詞三次審音總表初稿》發表。

      《初稿》審音以詞為對象,不以字為對象。對于某字在不同詞里的不同讀音,《初稿》不予審定,作為多音字處理。如“率”在“效率”和“率領”中的不同讀法。同時,《初稿》審音兼顧了北京語音的一般發展規律以及讀音在北方方言里的使用程度。

      《初稿》公布以后,受到社會各界的廣泛關注。不少語文工具書以此作為注音的依據,對普通話異讀詞的規范工作起了很好的推動作用。

      隨著語言的發展,《初稿》中原審定的一些詞語的讀音需要重新審定;同時,作為語音規范化的標準,《初稿》也亟需定稿。因此,原中國文字改革委員會于1982年月重建了普通話審音委員會,對《初稿》進行修訂工作。

      這次修訂,以符合普通話語音發展規律為原則,以便利廣大群眾學習普通話為著眼點,采取約定俗成、承認現實的態度。對《初稿》原定讀音的改動,力求慎重,以保持相對穩定。主要采取下面一些做法:

      1.歸并多音。包括兩種具體辦法:一是全部合并,統讀一音,即該字不論用于任何詞語中只讀一音(輕聲變讀不受此限)。如“呆”,取消ái音,統讀dāi音;“鑿”,取消zuò音,統讀záo音。二是采取部分歸并讀音的做法,即擴大其常用讀音的使用范圍,縮小其偶用讀音的使用范圍,甚至取消該讀音。如“骨”,保留gū、gǔ的音,取消gú音gù

      2.從眾改音。即不改變其在北京音系中的聲韻系統,修訂后的讀音同語音現狀更接近,更便于學習掌握。如“啥”,取消shà,改讀shá;“績”,取消jī,改讀jì。

      3.保留文白兩種讀音,以解決讀書音同口語音的矛盾。文讀一般用于書面語言中的復音詞和文言成語,白讀多用于口語中單音詞及少數表示日常生活事物的復音詞中。如“剝”(bō,báo)、“血”(xuè,xiě),括號中前者為文讀,后者為白讀。

      修訂稿還采取了其它一些做法。同時分別不同情況,刪除《初稿》中的部分詞條。對人、地名讀音,只審訂了《初稿》語詞部分涉及的個別詞條,其它未予審訂。

      1985年12月27日,修訂稿經國家語言文字工作委員會、國家教育委員會、廣播電視部審核后,以《普通話異讀詞審音表》的名稱予以公布,并聯合發出通知,要求全國文教、出版、廣播及其他部門、行業所涉及的普通話異讀詞的讀音、標音,均以這個新的《審音表》為準。

      黑马彩票 www.79095v.com | www.86267j.com | www.13789g.com | feicai0853.com | www.895465.com | www.twcp55.com | 3178v.com | 2613w.com | www.11260.cc | www.50999c.com | 599369.com | 80878t.com | www.yi695.com | www.4078e.com | www.888vip8.com | 239239.com | www.636220.com | www.4196a.com | www.vnsr00888.com | 6423i.com | www.866509.com | www.533880.com | www.1112558.com | 4182a.com | www.330732.com | www.flb377.com | www.wl6666.cc | pj300.cc | 9599wm6.com | www.3126v.com | www.79500w.com | www.hg22768.com | 78666d.com | www.326608.com | www.jzvip33.com | www.pj79777.com | 5369a.com | 444000q.com | www.86267v.com | www.83033d.com | www.rycp047.com | www.7435z.com | 3656vv.com | 44698.com | www.371q.cc | www.am9888.tw | www.pj3678.com | 057360.com | 4255e.com | www.231002.com | www.7239n.com | www.77360.com | www.3459o.com | 850775.com | www.2544h5.com | www.655666f.com | bbo998.com | 0698d.com | www.376817.com | www.35918m.com | www.pjgw55.com | www.550js.com | www.586885.com | 4152e.com | 8381.com | 9694j.com | www.937986.com | www.1466w.com | www.1168v.com | y6840.com | www.855608.com | www.59899a.com | www.06617a.com | www.3844d.com | www.422442.com | e99345.am | ule610.com | 535app.cc | www.c6127.com | www.5856869.com | www.255837.com | www.006083.com | 88535f.com | 3650568.com | zhcpyy.com | 667766z.com | www.065766.com | www.okw0.com | www.83033p.com | www.2848ddd.com | www.356062.com | www.zl49.com | www.675621.com | www.xgmhh.com | gg4675.com | 9fll8.com | 41188844.com | 33cc8332.com | vv40033.com | zhcpaa.com | js345w.com | www.530255.com | www.1035e.com | www.954321s.com | www.7036jj.com | www.n32939.com | www.869678.com | www.b868.com | www.js4333.com | www.653508.com | bwinrrr.com | 37570.com | www.669268.com | www.26163v.com | www.68365y.com | www.38138l.com | www.808888t.com | www.37766.cc | www.366686.com | www.tyc990a.com | www.333133g.com | www.573495470.com | 383744.com | 58533333.com | 35252n.com | 20550459.com | js61z.com | 24005.com | qg292.com | 08159i.com | 8037vvv.com | www.808910.com | www.44458c.com | www.6653i.com | www.7376.com | www.60108j.com | www.yh7772.com | www.hg27288.com | www.89777g.com | www.4331h.com | www.0343z.com | www.666xx.cc | www.68993233.com | www.4938z.com | www.aicaidd.com | www.407878.com | www.6060xj.com | www.hg2083.com | www.1117xj.com | www.hg00555.com | www.pj9898.com | www.vns7730.com | www.am0674.com | www.4972xx.com | www.klcpdd.com | www.2061368.com | www.sun008.net | www.yxlmwx.net | www.2323006.com | www.883122dd.com | www.bwinyz01.com | www.5719c.com | www.7920z.com | www.870884.com | www.81233b.com | www.32123m.com | www.022n.cc | www.806875.com | www.355245.com | hg95950.com | 909182.com | 11452288.com | 36405544.com | bj299.com | 99306j.com | www.hg755.com | www.44488.cc | www.22c25.com | www.4996xt.com | www.amjs339.com | www.66332x.com | www.c9259.com | www.339351.com | 0729.com | 1669s.com | m01234.com | 921290.com | www.hg520.com | www.09569c.com | www.382888.com | www.6776kk.com | www.1434x.com | www.68689j.com | www.hw0123.com | www.270667.com | jixiang7.com | bet365.com | 8522llll.com | www.85657a.com | www.53516e.com | www.beb111.org | www.006786.com | www.2324.com | www.810897.com | 111122ii.com | 53166b.com | yy2205.com | www.42424688.com | www.97cp345.com | www.417920.com | www.54400n.com | www.490680.com | 3679ii.com | 1422.cc | 33115v.com | www.87680w.com | www.p86.com | www.5886qq.com | www.33015.cc | 19990aa.com | 6601vip.us | nn500k.com | www.8658822.com | www.091777.com | www.9187v.com | www.3890c.com | www.055973.com | 5004ee.com | 2019v.cc | www.3a332.com | www.955244.com | www.50024w.com | www.234267.com | 61789p.com | t77304.com | www.xhtd02.com | www.55526e.com | www.win1232.com | www.828521.com | 3122ff.com | 496tt.com | www.56520t.com | www.834817.com | www.6653d.com | www.189909.com | 88851h.com | 7989j.com | www.dz2899.com | www.hbet96.com | www.690104.com | 55822.com | 85698y.com | www.z9163.com | www.38775xx.com | www.801876.com | feicai0871.com | 746bm.com | www.40686b.com | www.804sun.com | www.606647.com | 3405v.com | 88562.com | www.kj88a.com | www.22211d.com | www.151706.com | 1992789.com | www.7720y.com | www.9b007.com | www.7782b.com | ww333hg.com | 38850011.com | www.yh5258.com | www.8899nsb.com | www.560621.com | 2222k27.com | www.ks883.net | www.565578.com | www.5xci.com | 52688x.com | 6175m.com | www.rycp052.com | www.6364m.com | 131x.net | 1859009.com | www.dd55826.com | www.hy5501.com | jzcp883.com | 6175r.com | www.b35xx.com | www.755804.com | 0208.com | www.21204126.com | www.4923y.com | l00351.com | 44077g.com | www.8582uu.com | www.5854v.cc | 3788b.com | www.yh1111.cc | www.07679t.com | www.144428.com | 9901885.com | www.333980.com | www.51331f.com | 53166n.com | www.6666bmw.com | www.e063801.com | www.399130.com | 9506t.com | www.159kj.com | www.32123l.com | 80878e.com | www.76060a.com | www.bb888.cc | 6641o.com | 3344vn77.com | www.38775ll.com | 1588hg.com | 7989b.com | www.dzj0004.com | www.610390.com | 3559888.cc | www.yh99866.com | www.969317.com | 32666n.com | www.125345.com | www.66ffm.com | 0208jj.com | www.558337.com | www.3416l.com | 81366r.com | www.734069.com | www.575hc.com | 444000ff.com | www.3122v.com | www.773976.com | 2824.cc | www.jz6788.com | www.77ok.com | www.919725.com | hg28866.com | www.198930.com | www.357803.com | 2844.com | www.3846aa.com | qg0707.com | www.8124g.com | www.4331r.com | 0245g.com | www.mng44.com | www.3126o.com | 2214hh.com | www.20199cc.com | www.369477.com | 4023e.com | www.vnsr2345.com | 80567n.com | www.vylc6.com | www.3933k.cc | 634006.com | www.hg173h.com | 365.sb | www.4759pp.com | www.96386x.com | 1479z.com | www.597449.com | www.501324.com | 88562.com | www.4331e.com | 88882007.com | www.amvip111.com | 691 | www.8494i.com | www.49956h.com | pj00kk.com | www.444jyh.com | 188qq999.com | www.1569227.com | www.955708.com | 9737003.com | www.7737aa.com | 4289e.com | www.5566bifa.com | sjgc6.com | www.42424688.com | www.c4526.com | 500000416.com | www.50dh.cc | 8547p.com | www.27363z.com | 89777t.com | www.701707.com | www.691663.com | kk76669.com | www.80075h.com | 88949000.com | www.8550999.com | drcp111.com | www.dggcp.com | 3156eee.com | www.g32365.com | www.500907.com | www.38200n.com | www.55yfa.com | 2767d.com | www.91233q.com | 50099o.com | www.7737ff.com | uedhot8844.com | www.b35ff.com | 0234e.com | www.c44bb.com | 29918i.com | www.130823.com | yth12.net | www.068500.com | www.83033u.com | www.345sbet.com | www.394611.com | www.hg158.ag | www.372411.com | www.67797z.com | www.566385.com | www.yh2198.com | www.737689.com | www.pjbet777.com | www.560726.com | www.js3034.com | www.458689.com | www.7025w.com | www.338032.com | www.77117076.com | www.050955.com | www.cs55222.com | 61789e.com | www.808777.com | 8577p.cc | www.20199rr.com | 0250.com | www.93955d.com | 91019p.net | www.aa00668.com | 3435a.com | www.fg9908.com | 7434.com | www.3416p.com | www.81866i.com | www.869455.com | www.67797n.com | www.m.cjcp200.com | www.pj663388.com | 8577o.cc | www.55070z.com | 0802.com | www.1358004.com | ddcp22.com | www.3416q.com | www.89422.com | www.403552.com | www.zjlygm.cn | 3258h.com | www.808888f.com | dzj.tw | www.4833045.com | ee4675.com | www.hm5699.com | www.995m.net | 9856bb.com | www.80gfc.com | 469.com | www.4833058.com | feicai0594.com | www.809217.com | www.67223g.com | yth14.net | www.cn365m.com | 0003890.com | www.29277f.com | www.hg60999.com | www.81520a.com | www.998855r.com | 8448002.com | www.9g9g9g.com | 5756988.com | www.369071.com | www.4786e.com | 3424222.com | www.66136.com | www.68666g.com | www.026079.com | www.310935.com | 8159w.cc | www.2350s.com | www.5651e.com | 38648oo.cc | www.69567p.com | 5589x.com | www.501274.com | www.105242.com | 47751.com | www.50054l.com | www.56520o.com | 3049a.com | www.665888.com | 6868ii.cc | www.032154.com | www.500888.net | 53262zz.com | www.862422.com | www.110048.com | bet577t.com | www.16878y.com | www.2078b.com | js02.app | www.99677c.com | www.127788.net | stsvip9.com | www.7240w.com | BY30832.com | www.332902.com | www.4963ll.com | swin5.com | www.444219.com | www.677821.com | 76886o.com | www.375791.com | www.98698u.com | 8569811z.com | www.196807.com | www.9737yy.com | hg772018.com | 0054242.com | www.xpj8.net | www.yh8007.com | 01234vv.com | www.93gj07.com | www.o30226.com | 5168333.cc | www.3479j.com | sss5701.com | www.1434b.com | www.32126r.net | 7720l.com | www.77114n.com | www.bte33.com | 8203g.com | www.911720.com | www.ggo.99233o.com | 70118d.com | 1654s.com | www.zzwyl.com | www.56520n.com | 5622e.com | www.gocp4.com | www.55526k.com | 2846o.com | 500000359.com | www.093928.com | www.suncity88.net | 3473e.com | www.729908.com | www.xybets6.com | 90307t.com | hgw2777.com | www.5522i.cc | www.cp67776.com | www.191855.com | www.00773p.com | www.yqf2.com | 3522e.cc | www.862803.com | www.bwinyz41.com | www.5554dhy.com | 30019w.com | www.987969.com | www.686102c.com | www.6aobo.com | 40033g.com | www.914903.com | www.bwinyz12.com | www.xhtd1122.com | 0073.com | www.332910.com | www.1831222.com | www.s99927.com | 50025522.com | 0208vv.com | www.68689c.com | 4488ss.com | www.679000.com | www.3032ll.com | www.2846i.com | 4018ff.com | 9649z.com | www.33598x.com | www.61345.cc | www.js522.com | 14683355.com | www.108057.com | www.004869.com | www.k89299.com | 2355k.com | yh94877.com | www.377591.com | www.7886262.com | www.hg8104.com | 9679w.com | a757055.com | www.271901.com | www.0028229.com | www.ttb222.com | 22335002.com | 0332t.com | g2490.com | www.bet73.com | www.20199zz.com | www.379568.com | 2381rrr.com | www.3066mm.com | www.2078i.com | 76744.com | 30179900.com | www.388453.com | www.b98478.com | www.27363w.com | www.b005.com | 28288k.com | 65005v.com | www.506291.com | www.0601v.com | www.caipiao88e.com | www.07078006.com | kk7742.com | 40033eee.com | www.50026v.com | www.15256.cc | www.63606k.com | www.23470.com | www.3435b.com | 3534k.com | 9566279.com | www.1343a.com | www.a2a888.cc | 99589q.net | sbd0022.net | www.175131.com | www.8039g.com | www.0600q.cc | www.5agcpw.com | www.4972ff.com | 2373n.com | s58955.com | 9694v.com | www.540577.com | www.68568f.com | www.20000.cc | www.yingle99.com | www.55268pp.com | 3121v.com | 5856jjj.com | 7172244.com | www.39500o.com | www.gczj7.com | www.hd8679.com | www.55060a.com | www.61199.com | www.00829b.com | 0033c.cc | u2490.com | 422yh.com | 5855vv.com | www.380068.com | www.60ksw.com | www.304005.com | 44077.com | 1294w.cc | 29918q.com | www.599843.com | www.8667s.com | www.1237777.cc | www.huangma23.com | www.5956fff.com | www.3868218.com | www.a222.cc | 8030o.com | 496.es | 3678zzz.com | 1294j.com | 8790b.com | www.001059.com | www.807735.com | www.2875r.com | www.206065.com | www.9187l.com | www.781617.com | www.7779566.com | www.88862.com | www.75367.com | 99589.cc | www.390706.com | www.982570.com | www.12455p.com | www.173383.com | www.7240r.com | www.738055.com | www.55060c.com | www.c526688.com | www.400131.com | www.kj151.com | www.444xhtd.com | www.4625g.com | www.js1166.com | 4123yy.com | xpj677l.com | 6220ii.com | 9030k.com | 00773ll.com | 686.org | 69096i.com | 7140588.com | 53358l.com | 4116y.com | 0207200.com | js222js.com | 2709m.com | aaa2848.com | wfcp333444.com | wb299.com | 11772007.com | 61328899.com | 8557o.com | 9354444.com | k7454.com | x33q.vip | 2214o.com | js4136.com | 3765.com | 3fll8.com | bs78933.com | 7276776.com | xpj888c.com | 2506a.com | 3434xxx.com | 33567m.com | 3644g.com | www.longfa110.com | www.spj00.net | www.757xpj.com | www.4625m.com | www.88837v.com | www.5599pj.com | kbj7268.com | 1654v.com | 23800d.com | 4182e.com | 77606w.com | 91019f.com | r2306.com | 2546x.com | www.wn2018.com | www.862365.com | www.y18001.com | 66888web.com | 3644e.com | 3144.cc | hgcn.com | e5429.com | 168cp-w.com | www.3435333.com | www.35359193.com | www.819843.com | www.8568899.com | www.yzcp2023.com | www.a88002.com | www.087g.com | www.7239.net | www.277ak.com | www.664628.com | www.053552.com | 6363uu.com | 3424u.com | 30019dd.com | mg437766.com | www.9130.com | www.amxhtd8.com | www.24071.com | www.16181x.com | www.266751.com | www.04088.com | www.yi328.com | www.374677.com | 4488622.com | 00w77.vip | 3679zz.com | 123456rr.cc | 73055e.com | wlb22.com | 2008ee.com | 32555h.com | n2649.com | www.7630679.com | www.yz300.com | www.10999z.com | www.9989589.com | www.4388.cc | www.297757.com | 4880s.com | 0500o.com | 88885309.com | www.1314zeri.com | www.11czt.com | www.296180.com | 1168x.com | 88764.com | 3121y.com | www.777444p.com | www.tyc328.com | www.86339x.com | www.7793p.com | www.196776.com | 17794444.com | 5437k.com | www.yxlm99.com | www.hg8483.com | www.45598f.com | www.50989k.com | www.339531.com | wot.kongzhong.com | d86226.com | www.h67783.com | www.336631.com | www.47506s.com | www.84040.com | www.155792.com | 1654qq.com | 05168722.com | www.7830v.com | www.am0674.com | yhfujian.vip | www.222380.com | www.98698q.com | www.hga99900.com | www.455745.com | js89x.vip | 2127l.com | www.55268yy.com | www.28000h.com | www.21202e.com | www.307816.com | 4066l.com | 3049z.com | www.7935444.com | www.2021a.com | www.9818.cc | y854.com | 8159ppp.cc | www.357996.com | www.808888g.com | www.998855k.com | www.330605.com | 2jsnnn.com | 5443ll.com | www.20553311.com | www.826016.com | www.609477.com | 15a46.net | zhcp15.com | www.520068.com | www.0343r.com | www.550377.com | 36407788.com | 6220v.com | www.333010.com | www.010vip.com | www.175709.com | p888ab.com | www.660727.com | www.28000t.com | www.3933m.cc | 365225.tw | 56787uu.com | www.23244.com | www.666999qipai.com | www.367137.com | 1669w.com | www.30088hg.com | www.7415p.com | www.544aa.cc | 66671b.com | 2546.com | www.998855y.com | www.50080j.com | 272ee.net | df-bet.net | www.548sunbet.com | www.hg5012.com | 074q7.com | v2146.com | www.49981k.com | www.5856878.com | nn500i.com | 4182f.com | www.pj7686.com | www.3301844.com | 4809f.com | 56787qq.com | 2267u.com | www.xin888666.com | www.418587.com | www.377506.com | xpj6162.com | www.163888ll.com | www.4988h.cc | 54141166.com | 30006hd.com | www.r456x.com | www.qbwc1.com | 999hg.com | www.boma0114.com | www.4102u.com | www.81233u.com | 87965.com | www.fzf058.com | www.23579.cc | 7703tt.com | www.515xpj.com | www.38775ii.com | www.50054u.com | 8522dddd.com | www.799666r.com | www.gai50.com | 88455.com | www.299888.com | www.2418n.com | v3686.com | 1859008.com | www.9895d.com | www.106316.com | pjyunnan.com | www.899500.cc | www.819759.com | 7555r.com | uu01234.com | www.www5151msc.com | www.yh75060.com | 20040.com | www.6177a.com | www.wnsr118.com | 123456vv.cc | 3644x.com | www.60886o.com | 2443c.com | bet28x.com | www.820021.com | 3936m.com | mmm8827.com | www.e32031.com | 18438f.com | 11555002.com | www.9895x.com | 8381ll.com | 5446bb.com | www.588714.com | 500000574.com | www.lbj682.com | www.4809o.com | xpj86.com | www.22c07.com | www.29496a.com | ddd4255.com | www.4739999.com | www.3890q.com | yun555.com | www.8707y.com | www.629965.com | 80850q.com | www.3116i.com | 888.WF | www.sjs14.com | www.68993268.com | 2643m.com | www.2605505.vip | www.3136aa.com | 4303jc.com | www.caipioa33.com | www.178993.com | 51200oo.com | www.3775t.com | 3304o.com | www.888zr61.com | www.c4532.com | 655ib.com | www.bwin900.co | yeba17.com | www.98599.com | www.34788p.com | yabo6008.com | www.ggy.99233y.com | www.55885o.com | 27878nn.com | www.777fhcp.com | www.171102.com | 341qqq.com | www.hjcp1.com | www.155091.com | www.bm1103.vip | www.7239h.com | nn500o.com | www.yfcp315.com | hhhh19927.com | www.xhtd3344.com | www.26163l.com | 4437008.com | www.08bet8.com | 5003qq.com | www.yl66636.com | www.955474.com | 143.cc | www.159957.com | 8547mm.com | www.5966lll.com | www.43131s.com | www.xpj9878.com | www.022m.cc | 5309z.com | www.4809j.com | zhcp41.com | www.85857.com | 4912.com | www.9374k.com | www.682224.com | 9894.co | www.68689r.com | 22959.com | www.32031n.com | 3189uu.com | www.5049k.com | 3178d.com | www.xmsjzp.com | www.570477.com | www.xpj7777.cc | www.0719.cc | 2418b.com | www.535520.com | 34x35.com | www.8905p.com | 9949i.com | www.bd2019z.com | 2805u.com | www.911898.com | 5001v.com | www.717012.com | www.348377.com | www.yh1555.com | www.909935.com | hg5588o.com | www.3479aa.com | 3225.com | www.33588p.com | 48611.com | www.6126w.com | hg7088.com | www.731651.com | w7667.com | www.99094d.com | 3467f.com | www.pj55716.com | 7599s.com | www.5446v.com | 5853.com | www.wns11.me | 4165d.com | www.8905t.com | 3640ww.com | www.1449.com | ddd5657.com | www.42456699.com | 9964f.com | www.js7582.com | xpj65.com |