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      您現在的位置:普通話學習網 > 學習資料欄目 > 問題解答 > 正文

      為什么要開展語言文字規范化、標準化工作?

      來源:普通話學習網

      語言文字工作的核心內容是促進語言文字的規范化、標準化。其中標準化是指研究、制定并頒布包括語音、詞匯、語法等諸要素的,要求全體使用者共同遵循的語言文字使用規則和標準;規范化指的是促使全社會遵照國家頒布的各項語言文字使用標準規范使用語言文字。語言文字規范化、標準化工作的必要性,我們可以從以下幾個方面去認識。

      一、從語言文字同社會的關系上看。政治、經濟、文化、科技教育等是基本的社會形態,而語言文字是人類社會最重要的交際工具、信息載體,它無處不在,隨時隨地為社會服務。因此,一方面,社會上語言文字的應用水平受經濟、文化、科技、教育的制約,另一方面,語言文字的應用水平又對社會發展起著促進作用或牽扯、促退作用。拿語言文字規范化、標準化工作來說,它是社會變革的反映,又是社會前進和發展的基礎工程和先導工程,對各社會形態都能起到促進發展的作用。在政治上,它有利于維護國家的主權和尊嚴,有利于民族團結,有利于政令暢通;在經濟上,有利于形成全國流通的大市場,促進市場經濟的健康發展和不斷完善、繁榮;在文化上,有利于繼承和弘揚民族傳統文化,增強民族凝聚力;在科技上,它直接促進了計算機、通訊等信息產業的發展,并影響到其他一切高新技術的應用推廣;在教育上,有利于培養高素質人才,為社會發展和進步提供必要的人力資源……所以,語言文字工作不僅應該跟社會發展同步,而且更應先行。

      二、從我國解放以來的實踐及當今的建設任務和宏偉目標來看。解放以來,我國的推廣普通話、推行《漢語拼音方案》和簡化漢字的工作大大促進了全國經濟發展、民族團結、文化教育提高,也為中文信息處理以及其他高新科學技術的應用推廣作了前瞻性準備。如今,十五大制定了建設富強、民主、文明的社會主義現代化強國的宏偉目標,全國人民正為實現這個偉大目標而努力著,具體來看,社會主義市場經濟和商品交換需要人員大范圍流動,這樣,人們就自覺要求學習和使用普通話。為了獲得經濟效益,人們自覺要求使用各種高效的信息化手段和工具,對計算機處理中文信息的效能提出越來越高的要求,這些又都需要人們提高語言文字規范化方面的素質。當勞動者提高了包括語言文字規范化、標準化能力在內的素質要求,就能在市場經濟的風浪中沉穩應戰,開拓前進。

      三、從中國文化對世界的重要性來看。中國是文明古國,又對當今世界的和平發展發揮著越來越重要的作用。改革開放以來,我國綜合國力迅速增強,與世界各國的經濟往來和文化、教育、科技的交流不斷擴展和增多,中國文化對世界的吸引力和影響也越來越大。語言文字是文化的載體,因此,促進漢語漢字的規范化、標準化,提高它們的規范化、標準化水平,不僅是中國人民的愿望,也是世界人民的要求。

      此外,從我國歷史上和目前國際上對語言文字規范化工作的重視(參見"我國歷史上對語言文字有過哪些官方行為"和"國外的語言文字管理工作有哪些可以借鑒的經驗"兩題),可以體會到語言文字工作與社會發展的密切關系。

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